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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 江雪齡(民85)英美兩國良師制度的比較。師友月刊,348,頁25-29。
    2. 谷瑞勉(民87b)新制實習中幼稚園實習輔導教師的角色探討。幼兒教育年刊,10,頁131-143。
    3. 林麗卿(民85)幼教實習的難題---一個美國幼教實習個案的借鏡。新竹師範學院學報,9,頁1-27。
    4. 楊思偉(民87)日本實習輔導教師制度之研究。教育研究集刊,41輯,頁119-150。
    5. 楊深坑、歐用生和王秋絨等(民80)我國實習教師制度之規劃研究。國科會專題研究計畫(NSC 79-0301-H003-13)。
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳佩汝(2001)。台北地區托兒所保育人員工作壓力與工作滿意度之研究。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2001。1-154。
    2. 張鴻仙(2006)。實習輔導經驗之探討-以八位幼教實習輔導老師為例。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-258。
    3. 吳紫菱(2007)。高級職業學校實習輔導教師角色知覺與角色踐行之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-135。
    4. 林蕙瑛(2007)。一個校園魔法師的故事-創意教師之質性研究。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-145。
    5. 黃筱嵐(2011)。看見創意的彩虹-三位國小班級經營創意教師之生涯發展與班級經營創意歷程之探析。臺灣師範大學創造力發展碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-170。
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