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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 236 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 文崇一(1972):中國傳統價值的穩定與變遷。中央研究院民族學研究所集刊,33期,287-301頁。
  2. 朱瑞玲(1993):中國人的慈善觀念。中央研究院民族學研究所集刊,75期,105-132頁。
  3. 李美枝(1993):從有關公平判斷的研究結果看中國人之人己關係的界線。本土心理學研究,第一期,267-300頁。
  4. 李美枝(1993):從有關公平判斷的研究結果看中國人之人己關係的界線。本土心理學研究,第一期,267-300頁。
  5. 呂玉瑕(1980):社會變遷中台灣婦女之事業觀----婦女角色意識與就業態度的探討。中央研究院民族學研究所集刊,50期,25-66頁。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳家鈺(2012)。長期照顧機構護理人員的生活、照顧經驗與文化能力相關性探討。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-111。 
  2. 趙冉(2015)。文化觀點下台灣諮商師對親子衝突的概念化及介入策略。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-141。 
  3. 吳翠鳳(1999)。「個人諮商理論」的建構。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。1999。1-0。
  4. 謝淑敏(2002)。國中學生師生衝突化解訓練方案之成效研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2002。1-0。
  5. 劉佳蕙(2002)。打造音樂家的夢—提琴學習者的特質與學習生涯之探討。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2002。1-257。
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