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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Anderson, R. , Bikson, T., Law, S., Mitchell & Mitchell, B. (1995) Universal Access to E-mail: Feasibility and Societal Implications. Rand Corporation. ( ED 401 884 )
    2. Behrens, S.(1994) A Conceptual Analysis and Historical Overview of Information Literacy. College & Research Libraries, 55(4): 309-322, July 1994.
    3. Chew, F. & Palmer, S.(1994) Interest, the Knowledge Gap and Television Programming. Journal of Broadcasting Electronic Media, 38(3):271-287.
    4. Chu, L. (1985) Knowledge Gap: Theoretical and Practical Implication. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (68th, Memphis, TN, August 3-6, 1985). ( ED 259 334 )
    5. Doctor, R.(1991) Information Technologies and Social Equity : Confronting the Revolution. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 42(3):216-228.
    Times Cited (26) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李銘濬(2007)。數位家庭於老年生活之影響與應用。淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班學位論文。2007。1-93。 
    2. 廖淑慧(2005)。資訊融入高職國文科教學之策略與成效─以電子郵件為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2005。1-178。 
    3. 江雅玲(2005)。我國資訊教育資源落差之研究-以全國高中職、國中小為基礎。淡江大學資訊管理學系碩士班學位論文。2005。1-133。 
    4. 林怡秀(2005)。大專院校服務團隊之數位服務模式探討-服務學習觀點。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-140。 
    5. 陳宥蓁(2006)。縮減城鄉數位落差之研究—以台灣「數位機會中心」發展為例。元智大學資訊傳播學系學位論文。2006。1-102。 
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