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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱嘉琪(民86):台灣婦女女性意識發展歷程之研究—以三位女性主義者的生命故事為例。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  2. 吳紅鑾(民84):性別特質與女性憂鬱症之關係:路徑模式之應用。高雄醫學院行為科學研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  3. Carson, R. C. & Butcher, J. N. (1992).Abnormal psychology and modern life.(9th ed.). New York: Harper Collins Publishers.
  4. Gilbert, P. (1992).Depression-the evolution of powerlessness. NY: Guilford press.
  5. Graham, H. (1984).Women, health and the family. NY: Harvester wheatsheaf.
Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳慧敏(2009)。男性性別角色特質與憂鬱傾向之相關研究 -以台北市廣告業為例-。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-128。 
  2. 張雅雯(2009)。女性憂鬱症患者在婚姻衝突中權力與情感之敘說分析 —以家中主要賺食者為例。淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-202。 
  3. 謝粹芸(2011)。得勝者情緒管理課程對國中生的憂鬱情緒、情緒智力和學業成績的影響研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-125。 
  4. 簡旭敏(2009)。雙極性情感性疾患宗教適應、絕望感和生活品質之研究。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-116。 
  5. 楊子慧(2008)。探討以電話追蹤門診憂鬱症初診病患之成效。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-109。 
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