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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 132 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 內政部統計處(1996) 中華民國八十三年台閩地區殘障生活狀況調查報告(調查時間:1995年)
    2. 內政部統計處(2001) 中華民國八十九年台閩地區身心障礙者生活需求調查報告(調查時間:2000年)
    3. 內政部統計處(1999) 國民生活狀況調查報告(調查時間:1999年)
    4. 台北市社會局(1997) 台北市殘障者生活狀況調查報告(調查時間:1996)。
    5. 王振德(1989) 特殊教育理論與實際,台北:南宏。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 徐雅玲(2008)。女姓越南籍配偶對智能障礙丈夫態度之轉變歷程。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-128。 
    2. 巫正美(2012)。洗腎病患參與國外旅遊阻礙之研究。高雄餐旅大學旅遊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2012。1-141。 
    3. 洪櫻溶(2005)。男性性別角色態度與擇偶偏好之研究 -以高科技產業未婚男性為對象分析。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-155。
    4. 楊偉昱(2009)。高教育程度未婚者的擇偶限制信念之研究。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2009。1-136。
    5. 范明錦(2012)。肢體障礙者旅遊活動推廣海報設計之創作與研究。臺灣師範大學設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-135。
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