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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李遠哲(2000):專題演講:我對中、小學科學教育的看法/新世紀中、小學自然科學課程與師資培育研討會。台北市:國立台灣師範大學。
  2. 胡幼慧主編(1996):質性研究。台北市:巨流。
  3. 施振榮(1998):鮮活思維—人生以享樂為目的。台北市:聯經。
  4. 品川嘉也(1989):右腦決勝術。台北市:中央日報。
  5. 徐慧萍(2000):國中STS模組開發與教學研究 : (1)除濕劑(2)保鮮膜。碩士論文--臺灣師大化研所。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂百理(2001)。國民中學自然與生活科技學習領域教師對實施九年一貫課程的認知與態度之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2001。1-326。
  2. 王萬意(2006)。我國STS教學模式對學生學習成效影響之後設分析。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-103。
  3. 徐志豪(2009)。STS教學對培養八年級學生問題解決能力之研究-以「有機化合物」、「節能省電」模組為例。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-126。
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