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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 方德隆(2000a):九年一貫課程學習領域之統整。課程與教育季刊, 3(1), 1-18。
    2. 何縕琪(1999):國小教師主題統整教學歷程之分析暨合作省思專業成長模式之建構。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所博士論文。
    3. 林靜芳(1999):國中社會科統整課程的設計與發展。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。
    4. 莊佩螢(2001):九年一貫藝術與人文領域課程統整之研究-以台北市國中為例。國立台灣師範大學音樂研究所碩士論文。
    5. 陳芙蓉(1999):愛籽國小「主題活動」統整課程發展之研究。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文。
    Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蔡宛芸(2001)。地球科學戶外教學模組之研究。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2001。1-198。
    2. 藍秀茹(2001)。天然災害為統整主軸之多元教學模組研究。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2001。1-0。
    3. 黃俞菁(2003)。SMILE-科學博物館教學應用在地球科學課之研究。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2003。1-159。
    4. 蔡惠琪(2004)。從地球系統教育看我國科學課程與環境教育概念。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2004。1-220。
    5. 陳培凱(2006)。中學地球科學教師個人背景與其地球科學教育目標看法之研究。臺灣師範大學地球科學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-102。
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