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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 142 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王宏仁、陳斐卿和江火明(2000):學輔鷹架之網路學習過程初探—討論串分析。論文發表於中華民國第十六屆科學教育學術研討會。台北市:國立台灣師範大學理學院
    2. 吳明隆(1995):國民小學學生電腦態度及其相關因素之研究。教育研究資訊,3(6),71-86。
    3. 吳慧珍(2000):探討學生透過網際網路進行合作學習對其科學過程技能的影響。國立台灣師範大學地球科學所未出版碩士論文。
    4. 李玉慶(2000):自然科網路教學設計模式之研究—以國小「認識魚類」為例。私立元智大學資訊傳播研究所未出版碩士論文。
    5. 李啟龍(2000):網路上的合作探究學習。國立台灣師範大學資訊教育研究所未出版碩士論文。
    Times Cited (22) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李哲豪(2012)。虛擬材料實驗教學系統之研究:以粗粒料比重吸水率試驗為例。交通大學土木工程系所學位論文。2012。1-70。 
    2. 李偉嘉(2010)。以情境式學習理論建構時間管理學習網站之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-169。 
    3. 陳銘偉(2004)。「問題本位學習」教學模式對高職學生之合作學習與批判思考歷程與成效的影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2004。1-271。 
    4. 駱惠中(2013)。網路化問題本位學習對國小學生青春期健康教育學習成效之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-149。 
    5. 張素芬(2012)。問題本位學習對國小四年級學童科學本質觀之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-119。 
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