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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王千倖(1997)。合作學習。教育新知,86.10出版,頁34-38。
  2. 林佩璇(1992)。台灣省國立高級職業學校合作學習實驗研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 韋金龍(1994)。國內大專生對「合作學習」英語教學之態度調查研究。行政院國科會專題研究計畫成果報告。NSC82-0301-H005-015-T。
  4. 張秀雄(1996)。各國公民教育。台北:師大書苑。
  5. 張春興(1991)。現代心理學。台北:東華書局。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴美娟(2006)。合作式概念構圖在國小四年級自然科學習之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-171。
  2. 覃德田(2007)。科技輔助教學對不同學習風格之國中學生英語學習成效之影響。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2007。1-172。
  3. 蔡雁農(2009)。遊戲互動式擴增實境支援國小圖書館利用教育之研究。政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所學位論文。2009。1-115。
  4. 王慧筠(2010)。概念構圖在國中地理教學的實踐。臺灣師範大學地理學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-119。
  5. 廖欣姿(2012)。不同分組方式的問題本位學習對八年級學生批判思考能力之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-148。
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