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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 155 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Adams,J.F.,Piercy,F.P.,& Jurich,J.A.(1991).Effects of solution focused therapy’s “formula first session task” on compliance and outcome in family therapy. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy,17(3),277-290.
  2. Allgood,S.M.,Parham,K.B.,Salts,C.J.,& Smith,T.A.(1995).The association between pretreatment change and unplanned termination in family therapy. The American Journal of Family Therapy,23(3),195-202.
  3. Amatea,E.S.(1989).Brief strategic intervention for school behavior problems. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  4. Amatea,E.S., & Sherrrard,P.A.D.(1991).When students cannot or will not change their behavior: Using brief strategic intervention in the school. Journal of Counseling and Development,69, 341-344.
  5. Baker,M.R., & Steiner,J.R.(1995).Solution-focused social work: Metamessages to students in higher education opportunity programs. Social Work,40(2),225-232.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅瓊華(2010)。焦點解決短期諮商理論融入基督教教牧輔導 對父母管教態度影響之探討。中原大學宗教研究所學位論文。2010。1-183。 
  2. 蘇世修(2002)。焦點解決取向團體諮商對國中男生生氣情緒管理效果之研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2002。1-225。
  3. 陳莉榛(2007)。家長諮詢訓練方案之成效探討-以台北縣家庭教育中心為例。政治大學心理學研究所學位論文。2007。1-118。
  4. 吳淑絹(2007)。高職生知識信念、學習動機暨焦點解決短期諮商輔導效果之研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-134。
  5. 林欣怡(2011)。焦點解決短期諮商對外向行為問題兒童輔導效果之研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2011。1-233。
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