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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄔佩麗(民87):從失落經驗看單親家庭因應策略之研究。
  2. Bowlby, J.(1979).The making and breaking of affectional bonds. London: Tavistock.
  3. Carlson, C.I.(1992). Single-parent families. In Procidano, M.E. & Fisher, C.B.(eds). Contemporary families: A handbook for school professionals,36-56. New York:Teachers College Peers.
  4. Cicirelli, V.G. (1994). Sibling relationships in cross-cultural perspective. Journal of marriage &the family, 56(1), 7 - 14.
  5. Denzin, N.K. (1989). Interpretive interactionism.(張君玫譯(民88)。解釋性互動論。台北:宏智)
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張碧雲(2010)。臺北市國中生非法藥物使用 及其家庭因素之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-116。 
  2. 林培涵(2014)。回頭看,與你相遇的青春-青少年時期與自閉症手足的互動經驗。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2014。1-177。 
  3. 宋博鳳(2002)。成年前期手足關係之研究。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2002。1-0。
  4. 莊瑞飛(2002)。原生家庭與其他重要他人經驗對女性婚姻恐懼者之影響研究─以客體關係理論分析詮釋。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2002。1-262。
  5. 黃秋華(2006)。中年人手足規範態度與手足互動之研究。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2006。1-107。
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