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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 金樹人(民88) 國中學生生涯建構系統之分析及實驗研究(Ⅲ):認知訊息處理模式的生涯諮商介入策略。國科會專題研究計畫成果報告:(NSC88-2413-H-003-009)(未出版)。
  2. Anderson, J. R. (1994). Problem solving and learning. American Psychologist, 48, 35-44.
  3. Anderson, S., & Brown, C. (1997). Self-efficacy as a determinant of career maturity in urban and rural high school seniors. Journal of Career Assessment, 5(3), 305-315.
  4. Atkinson, G. Jr., & Murrel, P. H. (1988). Kolb’s experiential learning theory: A meta-model for career exploration. Journal of Counseling and Development, 66, 374-377.
  5. Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191-215.
Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳文全(2001)。我國高職控制科日間部應屆畢業生升學意願及升學途徑選擇相關影響因素之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2001。1-227。
  2. 邱卉綺(2004)。高中生生涯決定困難、生涯自我效能與焦慮憂鬱情緒之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-146。
  3. 張淑珺(2005)。公民養成方案影響國中學生自我效能之實驗研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-0。
  4. 于曉平(2006)。高中數理資優女生性別角色、生涯自我效能與生涯發展之關聯及角色楷模課程實驗之影響研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2006。1-246。
  5. 郭佩菁(2006)。生涯規劃課程對高一男生生涯決定困難、生涯自我效能及決策型態之實驗效果研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-143。
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