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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王麗雲、潘慧玲(2000)。教師彰權益能的概念與實施策略。教育研究集刊,44,173-199。
    2. 白世文(1997)。台北市國民小學教師會參與學校行政決定之研究。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所,未出版。
    3. 許籐繼(2000)。學校組織權力建構之研究。國立台灣師範大學博士論文,未出版。
    4. 曹學仁(1997)。高級中學校長權力運用之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文,未出版。
    5. 梁文蓁(2001)。中學女性校長權力運用之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文,未出版。
    Times Cited (34) 〈TOP〉
    1. 洪祥瑀(2015)。一所國中推動學習共同體之變革研究-關注本位模式觀點。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-132。 
    2. 鄭景陽(2011)。學校教師會角色功能、運作情形與轉型發展之研究─以新北市為例。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-205。 
    3. 蘇美英(2004)。高級職業學校組織衝突原因及其管理之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2004。1-156。 
    4. 歸思佳(2012)。誰會被霸凌?組織中部屬的能力與權力觀點。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-129。 
    5. 鄭國政(2009)。台東、屏東、高雄三縣國中、國小教師未參與教師會因素之研究。臺東大學進修部文教行政碩(夜間)學位論文。2009。1-186。 
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