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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 9 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. David, J. A. & Avril von, M., (1995). Individual difference, computers, and instruction. Computers in Human Behavior, 11(3/4), 371-390.
  2. Lioyd, P. R. (1996). Animation as feedback in a computer-based simulation: representation matters. Educational Technology Research and Development, 44(1), 5-22.
  3. Roben.M & Eliahu.M (1999). Simulation as a home learning environment : students’ views . Joural of Computer Assisted Learning 15,258-268.
  4. M.Roben & M.Eliahu (2000). Simulation:A bridge between theory and reality : the case of electric circuits. . Joural of Computer Assisted Learning ,16,14-26.
  5. 莊雅茹(民85).CAL軟體動畫介面設計.教學科技與媒體,28,13-18.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱志強(2002)。互動式電腦多媒體應用於高中「酸鹼滴定」教學之成效研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2002。1-7。
  2. 楊鵬耀(2004)。探究電腦多媒體教學對於國三學生學習酸鹼概念與概念改變之歷程。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-227。
  3. 陽季吟(2006)。探討電腦模擬實驗和動手操作實驗對概念學習之影響-以八年級「透鏡成像」單元為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-128。
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