Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 425 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 之研究。台北:台灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文,未出版
  2. 林振春(1993)衝突管理理論及其在團體中的應用。社會教育學刊,22
  3. 林懿萱(2001) 新制實習制度下國中理化實習教師的專業成長:質性個
  4. 徐宗國譯(1997) 質性研究概論。台北:巨流
  5. 黃芳裕(2000) 追求自我實現:教育實習的實現 國立台灣師範大學實習
Times Cited (16) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李華輝(2008)。軍事院校校長領導風格與領導效能關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-147。 
  2. 黃秀森(2009)。國民中學主任領導風格之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-109。 
  3. 林堯仁(2007)。桃園縣國中教師知覺校長領導風格與教師工作壓力相關之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-187。 
  4. 羅弘志(2002)。在教育政策轉換下之科學實習教師專業成長:個案研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2002。1-209。
  5. 陳鼎元(2003)。以後現代教育哲學的觀點探討科學實習教師在資優環境下之專業成長表現:個案研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2003。1-200。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :