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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 369 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江宜樺(1998)。自由主義、民族主義與國家認同。台北市:揚智。
  2. 徐敏雄(2000b)。「從托克維爾『美國的民主』一書的思想看宗教與公民德性的關係」,公民訓育學報,台北市:國立台灣師範大學公民訓育系所。
  3. 黃庭康(2001)。「葛蘭西:國家權力與文化霸權」,教育社會學理論研討會論文。嘉義縣:南華大學教育社會學研究所。
  4. 顧忠華(1999b)。「公民結社的結構變遷—以台灣非營利組織的發展為例」,台灣社會研究季刊,第三十六期。頁123-145。
  5. Callinicos, Alex(2000)。社會學理論思想的流變,簡守邦(譯)。臺北市:韋伯文化。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱秀玲(2008)。教育大學組織創新文化與行政創新經營成效關係之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-191。 
  2. 余星華(2007)。兩岸城市公私協力照顧弱勢族群之研究-上海市楊浦區與臺北市大安區之比較分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2007。1-165。 
  3. 陳昀萱(2003)。我國「邁向學習社會」白皮書理念實踐之研究-評析「方案八-推廣全民外語學習方案」。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2003。1-206。
  4. 陳皓薇(2003)。民間戲劇性團體參與學校戲劇教育方案之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2003。1-195。
  5. 黃淑貞(2008)。從市民社會的特質論社區營造-以尚德社區和進士社區鑑湖堂為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-148。
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