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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 183 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳清山(民86)。教育名詞。教育資料與研究,18,61-62頁。
  2. 林永淵(民89)。教師組織之運作與瓶頸。師友,394, 10-18頁。
  3. 徐諶(民89)。許個專業互享的成長據點。師友,394,5-9頁。
  4. 陳文彥(民90)。中小學推動學習型學校之個案研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。
  5. 陳美如(民90)台北市立國民中學教師對營造學習型學校的態度及相關因素之研究。國立台灣師範大學社會教育研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃繼瑩(2013)。新北市國民小學學年主任服務領導行為與教師團隊學習之關係。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-203。 
  2. 池榮尉(2004)。國民小學教師團隊發展歷程之研究 —以啄木鳥教師團隊為例—。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2004。1-259。 
  3. 江淑麗(2005)。臺北市國中教師學習型態與專業表現關係之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-202。
  4. 錢雅靖(2007)。少子化趨勢下私立高職經營策略之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2007。1-141。
  5. 李幸儒(2008)。國民小學教學卓越團隊運作歷程之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-142。
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