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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林世華(2000)。由多元評量的觀念看傳統評量的角色與功能。科學教育月刊,第231期,67 – 71。
  2. 柯華葳(1997)。國語文低成就學生閱讀理解能力研究Ⅱ。國科會專題研究計畫成果報告。
  3. 郭生玉﹝1985﹞。心理與教育測驗。台北:精華書局
  4. 簡茂發(民73)。教學評量原理與方法。蒐入台灣省教育廳 主編,教學評量手冊(13-23頁)。
  5. Birenbaum, M. (1996). Assessment 2000: Towards a Pluralistic approach to assessment. In M. Birenbaum, & Filip J. R. C. Dochy (Eds), Alternatives in assessment of achievement, learning processes, and prior knowledge, pp. 3-29. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭紹辰(2002)。隱喻使用與國中學生對科學文本閱讀理解之相關性的探討--以「聖嬰現象」為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2002。1-104。
  2. 陳幸萱(2004)。以系統功能語法觀點分析學生科學寫作及其與學生學術成就之相關研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-153。
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