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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石磊(1981):牡丹社排灣族的家庭制度。載於李亦園等主編:中國的民族、社會與文化。臺北:食貨出版社。
  2. 李亦園(1982):臺灣土著民族的社會與文化。聯經出版社。
  3. 吳燕和(1963):泰雅兒童的養育與成長。中央研究院民族學研究所集刊, 第16期,163-211。
  4. 林榮泰(2000):原住民學生「邏輯推理」之相關研究。原住民教育季刊, 第17期,52-63。
  5. 林榮泰(2001):原住民學生思考風格之相關研究。原住民教育季刊,第21期,39-50。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李江德(2002)。布農族高中生世界觀非我普遍性之研究:自然的概念化。臺灣師範大學生物學系學位論文。2002。1-113。
  2. 吳百興(2008)。八年級原住民學生在設計導向活動的科學學習:以族群認同、對科學的態度、力學概念與過程技能四面向進行探討。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-197。
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