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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 邱美虹(2000a)。概念改變的省思與啟示。科學教育學刊。第八卷第一期,頁1-34。
  2. 4. 邱美虹(2000b)。國民教育階段九年一課程綱要「自然與科技」領域中「自然科學」課程綱要之評介。科學教育月刊,231,頁20-27。
  3. 11. 陳雅芬(2001):以凱利方格法探討學生對於氣體的概念理解。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。(未出版)
  4. 15. 曾守恆(1997):「同儕科學家意象」對科學概念合理性判斷的影響。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。(未出版)
  5. 17. 黃俊儒(2000):從社會互動與認知投入的觀點探討理化實驗課中學習機會之分布。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文。(未出版)
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱文鳳(2012)。問題本位學習對國小六年級學童燃燒概念改變之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-146。 
  2. 曹雅雯(2002)。以概念地位(status)的觀點看小組討論中的概念改變---以生態單元為例。臺灣師範大學生物學系學位論文。2002。1-162。
  3. 陳盈吉(2003)。探究動態類比對於科學概念學習與概念改變歷程之研究--以國二學生學習氣體粒子概念為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2003。1-242。
  4. 林文杰(2006)。「科學語言遊戲」融入教學對物理文本的語意理解與語法應用之探討 — 以「生活中的力」單元為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-159。
  5. 陳世文(2006)。科學文本之級位分體論述與師生對其語意理解之研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-208。
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