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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝展文(民89):直覺法則對於數學及科學學習的影響—以國小四、五、六年級學生為對象。台北市:國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 李佳奇(民90): 高中生對條件機率解題策略與錯誤類型之探討。台北市:國立台灣師範大學數學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 高級中學數學科教科書第四冊(民89):國立台灣師範大學科學教育中心主編。台北市:九十家書局。
  4. Cohen, J. (1957). Subjective probability. Scientific American, 197, 128-138.
  5. Fischbein, E., & Gazit, A. (1984). Does the teaching of probability improve probabilistic intuition? Educational Studies in Mathematics, 15, 1-24.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭慧玲(2002)。探討量化素養的意涵與評量中學生量化素工具之開發。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2002。1-0。
  2. 曾淑雯(2002)。國中生對一些試驗發生機會相等或不相等認知之研究。臺灣師範大學數學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-138。
  3. 涂延誠(2004)。排列組合與古典機率的相遇-高二學生等機率偏見之探討。臺灣師範大學數學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-142。
  4. 羅玉樹(2006)。高中學生期望值概念對風險型決策的影響之探討。臺灣師範大學數學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-116。
  5. 王姿宜(2010)。九年級學生在機率教學前後誤用機率判斷偏誤之差異探討。政治大學應用數學系數學教學碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-113。
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