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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱美虹(2000):概念改變研究的省思與啟示。科學教育學刊,第八卷第一期,1-34。
  2. 郭重吉(1989):利用晤談方式探查國中學生對重要物理概念的另有架構。發表於第五屆科學教育學術研討會。
  3. 陳雅芬(2001);以凱利方格法探討學生對於氣體概念的理解,國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. Beck, J. E. (1987). Participant change in sensitivity training groups – Repertory grid measures of change in participants’ construct systems. Small Group Behavior, 18(3), p336-355.
  5. Benson, D. L., Wittrock, M. C. & Baur, M. E. (1993). Students’ Preconceptions of the Nsture of Gases. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 30,587,597.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄧雅文(2003)。我國中學生平衡迷思概念和心智模式之研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2003。1-0。
  2. 黃玉菁(2003)。以紙筆測驗探討高二學生粒子迷思概念。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2003。1-73。
  3. 陳盈吉(2003)。探究動態類比對於科學概念學習與概念改變歷程之研究--以國二學生學習氣體粒子概念為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2003。1-242。
  4. 陳郡鳳(2004)。探討理想氣體動力論之建模教學對高一學生建構微觀氣體粒子運動心智模式的影響。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2004。1-136。
  5. 奚珍珍(2004)。以不同教材實施理想氣體方程式教學之個案研究。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-166。
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