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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 226 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑俐(1998):教師的心理健康與教學效果(上)。師友,367,25-29。
  2. 江文雄(1992):我國師範大學教育實習制度之研究。台北:國立台灣師範大學。
  3. 呂燕卿(2001):落實人文精神在藝術領域的教學。九年一貫課程學習領域教學研討會-
  4. 林麗婷(2001):國中公民與道德科教師經濟教育專業能力之研究-以高雄地區為例。國
  5. 洪瑟勵(2000):音樂治療活動對國中階段中重度智障學生社會技能之影響。台灣師範大
Times Cited (33) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林宜君(2010)。國民中學教師在融合教育下之工作壓力與專業需求研究:以台北縣為例。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-177。 
  2. 朱曉萍(2009)。臺北市高職綜合職能科專業科目教師專業知能之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-124。 
  3. 詹宏基(2008)。彰化縣國小健康與體育學習領域教師專業能力之研究。臺東大學體育學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-135。 
  4. 張瓊月(2008)。休閒農業解說人員專業知能之研究。臺東大學進修部休閒事業管理組碩(夜間)學位論文。2008。1-100。 
  5. 呂采縈(2013)。高雄市國中體育教師休閒運動參與動機及工作投入之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-106。 
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