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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤智倩(2000):國中音樂教師在職進修相關問題之研究。國立台灣師範大學音樂研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  2. 林榮德譯,Ahrens and Atkinson著(1981):鋼琴基本教學法。台南:興文齋書局。
  3. 姚世澤(1993):音樂教育與音樂行為—理論基礎及方法論。台北:偉文圖書股份有限公司。
  4. 洪靖惠(2000):國中音樂教師「自我效能」及「生涯規劃」之研究。國立台灣師範大學音樂研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  5. 張春興、林清山(1993):教育心理學。台北:東華。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐佩瑜(2003)。我國高中音樂班學生音樂能力學習需求之探討。臺灣師範大學音樂學系學位論文。2003。1-192。
  2. 周志菀(2007)。宜蘭縣國華國中音樂班學生聽寫成績與相關因素之研究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-166。
  3. 王儷蓉(2011)。肢體律動於初級鋼琴學生節奏學習之探究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-180。
  4. 陳慧珊(2011)。「音高型教學」應用於七年級歌唱教學之研究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-274。
  5. 廖于萱(2011)。雲林縣國高中藝術才能音樂班學生學習滿意度之調查研究。臺灣師範大學音樂學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-140。
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