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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王天苗(民91):發展遲緩幼兒在融合教育環境裡的學習。特殊教育研究學刊,23期,1-25頁。
  2. 杞昭安(民80):視覺障礙學生智力及相關因素之研究。特較園丁,4卷,6期。9-21頁。
  3. 蔡瑞美(民89):普通高中職提供身心障礙學生資源服務之現況調查研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  4. 蘇燕華(民89):融合教育的理想與挑戰─國小普通班教師的經驗。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  5. Ainscow,M.(2000).The next step for special education:Supporting the development of inclusive practices.British Journal of Special Education.27(2),76-80.
Times Cited (18) 〈TOP〉
  1. 關丞博(2009)。高等教育階段身心障礙學生教育滿意度之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-174。 
  2. 車薇(2002)。啟明學校高中職視覺障礙學生性別角色發展研究。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-109。
  3. 蔡惠如(2004)。視覺障礙學生網路使用現況及其相關因素研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-135。
  4. 張逸萱(2005)。高中職視覺障礙學生休閒活動之研究-以北部地區為例。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-107。
  5. 黃金美歡(2005)。台北市國中學生對視覺障礙學生接納態度之研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-143。
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