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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

    Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林麗娟。(民83)。不同比例之等速離心和向心聯合收縮訓練對肱二肌和肱三頭肌肌力之影響。未出版碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學體育研究所,台北市。
    2. 陳明豐。(民81)。冠狀動脈與心臟病。台北:健康世界雜誌社。
    3. 黃伯超、游素玲。(民79)。營養學精要(八版),台北:健康文化事業股份有限公司。
    4. Al-Hazzaa, H. M., & Sulaiman, M. A. (1993). Maximal oxygen uptake and daily physical activity in 7-12 years old boys. Pediatric Exercise Science, 5 , 357-366.
    5. Albert, M.(1991). Eccentric muscle training in sports and orthopaedics. New York: Churchill Livingston Inc.
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 賴淑萍(2005)。大學生「女運動員三症候群」之相關探討。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2005。1-135。
    2. 施嘉美(2007)。負重運動與飲食行為對中年婦女骨骼健全之影響。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2007。1-148。
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