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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王武昌(民69):台北市青年學生運動員參與運動動機調查。國立台灣師範大學體育研究所碩士論文,(未出版)。
  2. 王俊民(民88):問卷與量表的編製及分析方法。載於張至滿、王俊民主編:體育測量與評價(139-158頁)。台北:中華民國體育學會。
  3. 朱昌勇(民88):我國企業贊助甲組桌球隊之現況調查研究。大專體育雙月刊,43期,52-57頁。
  4. 李淑玲(民83):青少年傳播行為對職棒球員形象及認同程度之研究。體育學報,17輯,123-142頁。
  5. 李敏(民90):大眾傳播媒體對體育運動所造成衝擊之初探。中華體育特刊,56輯,19-25頁。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭家彰(2007)。運動社會化媒介對足球運動參與之影響。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-110。
  2. 山之口壽幸(2007)。從符號學論臺灣媒體中「體育」和「運動」概念之使用。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-78。
  3. 廖慶華(2011)。重要他人對國中生運動和課業態度的影響。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-102。
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