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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王凱立(民89):民間機構經營學校運動設施之可行性研究--以台北市市立國民中學學校游泳池設施為例,國立臺灣大學土木工程學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 呂育一、徐木蘭(民81):非營利組織績效指標之研究-以文教基金會為例,臺大管理叢書 ,5(1),頁165-188。
  3. 林國棟(民85):學校體育之運動設施事業,大專體育,28,頁29-45。
  4. 吳崇旗、周靈山(民90):落實體育運動場館「使用者付費」觀念之探討,大專體育,56,頁59-63。
  5. 黃政傑、李隆盛等(民85):中小學基本學歷指標之綜合規劃研究,國立臺灣師範大學教育研究中心專案。
Times Cited (25) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江俐穎(2007)。人力資本特性與經營績效之研究-以民間參與公共建設案為例。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-66。 
  2. 林聖薇(2007)。公立大學績效評估動態模式之研究-以平衡計分卡為架構。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-95。 
  3. 蕭惠瓊(2006)。民間參與公共建設案營運階段績效評估制度建置。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-90。 
  4. 黎美珍(2008)。臺南縣鄉(鎮、市)公所組織績效衡量之研究─以平衡計分卡為實證。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2008。1-122。 
  5. 蔡佩霖(2008)。建構農會組織經營績效衡量模式之研究。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2008。1-208。 
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