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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳俊盛(民86):國小學童事故傷害之調查研究。高雄醫學院公共衛生研究所碩士論文。
  2. 洪嘉文(民89):重視學校運動安全教育—風險管理在學校體育的策略應用。學校體育,10卷6期,19-25頁。
  3. 畢恆達(民78):環境心理學資料簡介。台灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學報,4卷1期,116頁。
  4. 黃世孟(民86):台北市國民小學教學空間與附屬設施設置基準之調查研究。台北:台北市政府教育局。
  5. 劉碧華(民84):如何加強運動場地的安全管理。中華體育,9卷3期,8-14頁。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳啟誠(2002)。台北市立國中生使用校內運動場地設施滿意度調查研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-0。
  2. 吳嫦瑜(2006)。國中學生校園運動事故傷害預防介入之研究。臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系學位論文。2006。1-164。
  3. 黃麗琴(2009)。國小學生運動安全認知、態度與行為之研究--以台中市某國小高年級學生為例。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-108。
  4. 林怡伶(2011)。操場‧教具‧體育課─從運動場地標準化論臺灣與日本體育課教具使用情形之比較。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-134。
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