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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部 (民90)。臺灣地區國民生活狀況調查報告(民國89年版)。內政部統計處出版品。
  2. 呂如分 (民90)。中風病患主要照顧者生活品質及其相關因素之探討。國防醫學院護理研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  3. 胡家欣 (民89)。大學生的休閒認知,涉入與體驗-兼論人格特質的影響。高雄醫學大學行為科學研究所碩士論文,高雄市。
  4. 張秋蘭 (民89)。青少年依附關係、自我尊重與身心健康之相關研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  5. 徐淑貞 (民90)。社區獨居老人其內在資源對憂鬱與生活品質影響之探討。國立台北護理學院碩士論文,台北市。
Times Cited (99) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李泰叡(2009)。網路與運動休閒社群未來之研究:以大型重機團體為例。淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-115。 
  2. 吳素雲(2011)。高職教師情緒管理與幸福感之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-141。 
  3. 李春嫣(2011)。國小校長家長式領導、教師組織公民行為 與教師幸福感關係之研究---以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-242。 
  4. 李如華(2010)。新移民子女社會支持與幸福感之相關研究-以桃園縣公立國小為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-236。 
  5. 鍾侑珍(2009)。教育訓練、生活滿意與工作滿意之關聯性研究 -以資訊電子業之行政部門為例。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2009。1-152。 
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