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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 許淑良.2001. 在華語與非華語環境下華語教與學現象之探討—以美國與台灣兩所大學之華語文課程為例. 國立台灣師範大學 華語文教學研究所 碩士論文 (未出版)
    2. 陳燕秋. 2001. 台灣現今華語文教材的評估與展望. 國立台灣師範大學 華語文教學研究所 碩士論文 (未出版)
    3. 楊慧文. 1999.《大陸義務教育教材之研究—小學語文教科書分析》.高雄:復文出版.
    4. Allwright, R.L. 1981. What do we want teaching materials for? English Language Teaching Journal. 36. 1. 5-18.
    5. Breen, M. 1985. Authenticity in the language classroom. Applied Linguistics. 6. 1. 60-70.
    Times Cited (20) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林安琪(2014)。《紅樓夢》華語文化教學設計與實踐。中原大學應用華語文研究所學位論文。2014。1-256。 
    2. 姚淑婷(2011)。對外華語文識字教學之初級課程研究。中原大學應用華語文研究所學位論文。2011。1-179。 
    3. 方虹婷(2006)。飲食華語課程教材設計-兼論網上輔助活動建構。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2006。1-177。
    4. 陳淑惠(2007)。法律華語教材設計與研究。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2007。1-107。
    5. 郭雯琪(2008)。零起點短期速成聽説教材之設計研究。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2008。1-115。
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