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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 238 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱建民 譯(2000)。《實用自然主義導論》。台北:時英。Eames, S.
  2. M. (1977) Pragmatic Naturalism: An Introduction.
  3. (1961).Thoughtand Language. Cambridge,Massachusett:M.I.T.
  4. 林懿萱(2001)。《新制實習制度下國中理化實習教師的專業成長:質性
  5. 林懿萱、黃芳裕(2000)。〈新制實習制度下的理化實習教師之專業成長
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳鼎元(2003)。以後現代教育哲學的觀點探討科學實習教師在資優環境下之專業成長表現:個案研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2003。1-200。
  2. 奚珍珍(2004)。以不同教材實施理想氣體方程式教學之個案研究。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-166。
  3. 陳惟謙(2004)。探討台北、新竹縣市的國二生對「水」之概念深淺的研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2004。1-238。
  4. 曾瓊瑤(2005)。以perry基模為基礎分析高中初任化學教師教學與學習心智模型專業成長。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2005。1-269。
  5. 周佳怡(2007)。分散式、集中式數理資優教育方案的實施現況予辦理特色:個案研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2007。1-0。
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