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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 方建能、余炳盛(1995)金瓜石—九份金銅礦床導覽。台灣省立博物館,共304頁。
    2. 莊文星、陳汝勤(1989) 台灣北部火山岩之定年與地球化學研究。經濟部中央地質調查所彙刊,第五號,第31–66頁。
    3. 郭盈宗(2002) 基隆火山群安山岩中斑晶礦物之氧同位素研究。國立台灣師範大學地球科學研究所碩士論文,共51頁。
    4. Chen, C. H.(1978)Petrochemistry and origin of Pleistocene volcanic rocks from northern Taiwan. Bull. Volcano, 41, p. 513–528.
    5. Chen, C. H.(1997)Extensional collapse of the northern Taiwan
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李彥棠(2012)。蘭嶼安山岩一大氣壓下之實驗岩石學研究。臺灣師範大學地球科學系學位論文。2012。1-60。
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