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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳鐵雄、陳淑美、張景媛(1994):中學興趣量表編製報告,教育心理學報,26,p107-124
  2. 林幸台、金樹人、陳清平、張小鳳(1992):生涯興趣量表之初步編製研究,教育心理學報,25,p111-124
  3. 林清山(1995):心理與教育統計學,東華書局
  4. 邱美虹(2000):概念改變研究的省思與啟示,科學教育學刊,8(1),p1-34
  5. 張春興(1991):張氏心理學辭典,東華書局
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林立婷(2007)。高中資優班性別少數學生學習經驗之探究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2007。1-189。
  2. 陳建成(2010)。利用重複測度探討高中學生升學及在校學業表現之影響因素-某高中案例研究。臺北大學統計學系學位論文。2010。1-81。
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