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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任宗浩(2002):不同階段和不同學習成就的中學生其力學概念與組織之研究。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文。
  2. 邱美虹(1999):概念改變研究的省思。中華民國第十四屆科學教育學術研討會。國立高雄師範大學,p.620-627。
  3. 許瑛玿(2000):網路科技支援之電腦教學軟體對學生學習科學概念的影響。師大學報,44,p.1-16。
  4. 鄭茹芬(民91);國中學生在力學課程後對力與運動概念認知之現況調查。國立台灣師範大學物理研究所論文。
  5. Baggett,P.(1984).Role of temporal overlap of visual and auditory material in forming dual media association . Journal of Educational Psychology ,76(3),408-417.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪志泓(2015)。IRS即時反饋系統結合同儕教學對高中物理學習態度與解題能力改善之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-158。 
  2. 張朝閔(2015)。探討動態或靜態表徵輔以序列式問題鷹架對拋體運動概念學習表現之影響。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2015。1-124。 
  3. 蔡明晃(2011)。應用互動多媒體於兒童英語字母補救教學之研究。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2011。1-77。 
  4. 謝惠如(2009)。電子教科書教學模式應用在國中英語科教學之研究。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-193。 
  5. 張亦妤(2005)。資訊科技融入視覺藝術欣賞教學之學習成效研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-198。
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