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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 98 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛國楠(1997):成績回饋方式對不同能力水準國中生數學科的學習動機、學習策略、學習態度與學業成就之影響。教育心理學報,29,pp.117-136。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系。
  2. 李旻樺(2002):高中學生之自我效能、成功期望、學習任務價值與課業學習動機調整策略之研究。國立彰化師範大學輔導與諮商系碩士論文。
  3. 洪寶蓮(1990)。大學生學習與讀書策略量表之修訂及調查研究。國立彰化師範大學輔導研究所碩士論文。
  4. 程炳林(2001):動機、目標設定、行動控制、學習策略之關係:自我調整學習歷程模式之建構及驗證。師大學報:教育類,46(1),pp.67-92
  5. 張春興、陳李綢(民66):國小男女生學業成績的性別差異與其教師性別差異的關係。國立台灣師範大學教育心理學系教育心理學報第10期。pp.21-34
Times Cited (17) 〈TOP〉
  1. 歐逸平(2014)。探討軍事院校學生對數位學習接受度之研究。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-78。 
  2. 蔡蕙文(2008)。STEM教學模式應用於國中自然與生活科技領域教學之研究。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-173。 
  3. 張耀弼(2004)。高職冷凍空調科學生之他人期望、學習環境滿意度、學習態度與學業成就之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2004。1-158。
  4. 蒲憲調(2005)。網路合作學習對國中生自然與生活科技學習成績之研究-以「材料」及「能源」單元為例。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-98。
  5. 黃儀瑄(2006)。外籍華語學習者學習焦慮之狀況、原因與因應方式初探。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2006。1-156。
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