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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 丁信中、洪振方、楊芳瑩(民90):科學理論形成與精煉過程對科學學習的意涵。科學教育月刊,240, 2-13。
    2. 李昆峰編譯(Edward Osborne Wilson原著)(1985):新的綜合(Sociobiology : The New Synthesis)。成都市 : 人民社出版 : 新華發行。
    3. 涂長晟譯(Ernst Mayr原著)(1990):生物學思想發展的歷史(The Growth of Biological Thought Diversity Evolution And Inheritance)。 四川教育出版社。
    4. Abell, S.K., & Smith, D.C. (1994). What is science? : Preservice elementary teachers' conceptions of the nature of science. International Journal of science Education, 16(4), 475-487.
    5. Bishop, B. A., & Anderson, C. W. (1990). Student's conceptions of natural selection and its role in evolution. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27(5), 415-427.
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳藍萍(2003)。高一學生生物演化概念之研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2003。1-116。
    2. 茬家續(2006)。高一學生生物演化概念分析與概念改變教學之研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-153。
    3. 湯偉君(2007)。以解釋本質探討中學演化論之教科書內容與教學。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-599。
    4. 辛怡瑩(2008)。以概念演化樹探討跨年級學生對演化概念之發展。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-201。
    5. 柯元蘋(2009)。學生對基因相關概念瞭解之研究。臺灣師範大學生命科學研究所學位論文。2009。1-199。
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