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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4行政院國家科學委員會(1998):實測科學教師問卷。台北:國立台灣師範大學科學教育中心。
  2. 5行政院國家科學委員會(1998):實測學生問卷。台北:國立台灣師範大學科學教育中心。
  3. 13金梁垣(1982):中韓兩國升大學重考生重考問題的比較分析。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 16吳文全(2002):我國高職控制科日間部應屆畢業生升學意願及升學途徑選擇相關影響因素之研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文。
  5. 17洪志明(2000):「第三次國際數學與科學教育成就研究」後續調查成果報導。科學教育月刊,235,70-71。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳美瑤(2014)。動手製作心肺模型教具對國中生生物科教學之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-130。 
  2. 黃馨萱(2006)。從TIMSS 2003探討國中生科學學習成效和教室教學與氣氛及教師特質之關聯。臺灣師範大學生命科學研究所學位論文。2006。1-100。
  3. 陳美妤(2006)。從TIMSS 2003探討學習機會與學生科學學習成就之關聯。臺灣師範大學生命科學研究所學位論文。2006。1-126。
  4. 陳培凱(2006)。中學地球科學教師個人背景與其地球科學教育目標看法之研究。臺灣師範大學地球科學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-102。
  5. 陳乃綺(2007)。由教科書內容、學生特質及課堂活動探討我國八年級學生在TIMSS 2003中理化部分之學習表現。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2007。1-224。
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