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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭重吉、吳武雄(1990):利用晤談方式探查國中學生重要物理概念的另有架構之研究(Ⅱ)。國科會專題研究成果報告(彰化師大)。
  2. Albert, E. (1978). Development of concept of heat in children. Science Education, 62(3), 389-399.
  3. Appleton, K. (1997). Analysis and description of students' learning during science classes using a constructivist-based model. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 34(3), 303-318.
  4. Arnaudin, M.W., & Mintzes, J.J. (1985). Students’ alternative conceptions of human circulatory system : a cross-Age study. Science Education, 69(5), 721-33.
  5. Ausbel, D.P.; and others. Proactive effects in meaningful verbal learning and retention. J Educ Psychol; 60,1,59-64, 69 Feb,1969.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳惟謙(2004)。探討台北、新竹縣市的國二生對「水」之概念深淺的研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2004。1-238。
  2. 許峻豪(2009)。科學史融入九年級自然與生活科技教學之探討—以『動能、位能與能量』單元為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-137。
  3. 萬淑宜(2011)。海峽兩岸國中自然教科書之內容分析比較-以牛頓力學為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-207。
  4. 曾靜香(2012)。電視科學節目在「教」與「學」運用上的評價-以「科學小原子」為例。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-120。
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