Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 民國九十年臺閩地區低收入戶生活狀況調查結果摘要分析。(2001)。內政部社會司。
  2. 呂朝賢、王德睦(2000)。1960s以降的美國貧窮理論:回顧與整合。人文及社會學集刊,12(1),149-195。
  3. 張英陣、彭淑華(1996)。從優勢的觀點論單親家庭。東吳社會工作學報,2,227-272。
  4. 張憶純、古允文(1997)。家庭壓力、家庭資源與家庭危機形成之研究─以台灣省立台中育幼院院童家庭為例。社會政策與社會工作學刊,3(1),95-139。
  5. 張錦麗(2001)。單親婦女之困境與需求。台灣單親家庭之現況與政策研討會,28-30,國家政策研究基金會。
Times Cited (17) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉惠玲(2008)。台灣地區攜子自殺現象的探討 -從台、美、日文化差異的觀點。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-72。 
  2. 李育哲(2011)。新移民子女社會資本與自我概念之研究—以中壢市國民小學為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-157。 
  3. 林式州(2009)。外籍配偶對子女教養方式之研究。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2009。1-94。 
  4. 鍾蕾蓉(2009)。台東縣新移民家庭子女問題解決能力與生活適應之相關研究。臺東大學進修部文教行政碩(夜間)學位論文。2009。1-116。 
  5. 陳妍樺(2008)。臺北市新移民子女的社會資本與生活適應關係之調查研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-168。 
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :