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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 276 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余玉照(民86)。我國高等教育的回顧與展望。載於中華民國通識教育學
  2. 林錦杏(民83)。我國私立大專院校董事會之研究。國立台灣師範大學教
  3. 教育部(民91d)。九十學年度中華民國大專院校概況統計。台北市:教育
  4. 育研究中心21世紀基金會(主編)。二十一世紀我國高等教育的發展
  5. 葉至誠(2002)。高等教育發展的策略與願景。台北市:揚智文化。
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張珠琦(2006)。私立高中董事會組織型態對學校經營策略影響之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-181。 
  2. 劉智敏(2010)。海外臺灣學校校長工作壓力及其因應策略之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-268。 
  3. 戴佐梅(2004)。私立學校租稅與治理問題之研究。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2004。1-112。
  4. 宋宏日(2005)。國立大學行政法人化之研究。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2005。1-151。
  5. 江漪婷(2005)。私立大學院校治理問題之研究─以中原大學為例。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2005。1-127。
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