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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林政輝(民91)。國中生討論數樣式關係時表達理由能例的成長之探究。國立台灣師範大學數學系碩士班碩士學位論文。
    2. 李宜芬(民91)。國三學生突破因附圖造成之論證障礙的學習歷程之研究。國立台灣師範大學數學系碩士班碩士學位論文。
    3. Bishop, J.(2000).Linear geometric number patterns: middle school students’ strategies. Mathematics Education Research Journal, Vol. 12(2),107-126.
    4. Chazan, D.(1993).High school geometry students’ justification for their view a of empirical evidence and mathematical proof . Educational Studies in Mathematics,24:395 - 387.
    5. Duval, R.(1991).Structure du Raisonnement déductif et apprentissage de la demonstration. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 22(3).233-263.
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張家豪(2004)。教材、起點行為與學習成就的關係。臺灣師範大學數學系學位論文。2004。1-246。
    2. 李淑芳(2008)。國中數學科學習路徑分析之研究 ─以因數與倍數為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-155。
    3. 許雯琇(2009)。中學生偶數代數表徵的思維發展。臺灣師範大學數學系學位論文。2009。1-183。
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