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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王喜青(2002):《國家公園解說員環境教育與環境解說專業發展需求研究》。國立臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所,碩士論文。
  2. 行政院農業委員會林務局各林區管理處暫行組織規程(2001)。
  3. 行政院農業委員會林務局暫行組織規程(2001)。
  4. 周儒、張子超(1995):《民間團體推動環境教育模式之研究(I)》。台北:國家科學委員會科學教育處。
  5. 張子超(2002):〈環境教育指標建構整合研究–政府部門環境教育指標〉。見國立台中師範學院環境教育研究所(主編):《2002年海峽兩岸環境教育研討會論文集》。台中:國立台中師範學院。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴羿鳴(2015)。內雙溪自然中心戶外教學方案「森林背包客棧」對國小高年級學童環境教育之成效研究。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2015。1-80。 
  2. 吳鈴筑(Ling-Chu Wu);張子超(Tzu-chau Chang)(2017)。探討公私部門環境教育設施場所認證之發展概況:以100至104年間資料為例。環境教育研究。13(1)。99-136。 
  3. 鍾尚哲(2011)。屏東縣國小教師運用國家森林遊樂區進行戶外教學的認知、需求及意願之研究。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2011。1-152。 
  4. 姜永浚(2006)。探討優質環境學習中心之特質—一個德懷術研究。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-264。
  5. 許美惠(2006)。國家公園與鄰近學校合作實施戶外環境教育之研究─以陽明山國家公園與格致國中合作之「自然體驗課程」為例。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-186。
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