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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王喜青(2002):《國家公園解說員環境教育及環境解說專業發展需求研究》。國立台灣師範大學環境教育研究所,碩士論文。
  2. 李玉慶(2000):《自然科網路教學設計模式之研究—以國小「認識魚類」為例》。元智大學資訊研究所,碩士論文。
  3. 張子超(1996):〈環境教育在網際網路上的資源與應用〉。《教學科技與媒體》。台北,第27期,21-30頁。
  4. 張瑞雄(2000):〈網路-教育的敵人或朋友〉。《師友》。第396期,5-9。
  5. 教學科技與媒體(1996):〈社論:網網相連、學習無限〉。《教學科技與媒體》。台北,第25期,2頁。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃雋(2006)。探討綠色學校網站使用者使用現況、動機、滿意度及外在因素對使用者之影響。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-155。
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