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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王喜青(2002):《國家公園解說員環境教育與環境解說專業發展需求研究》。國立臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所,碩士論文。
  2. 林秀君(2000):《國民小學環境教育實施之研究-以台北縣成功案例為例》。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所,碩士論文。
  3. 謝鴻儒(1999):《國小教師戶外教學現況與障礙之研究》。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所,碩士論文。
  4. Coffey, P. (ed.) (1996). Manual of zoo education. Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust.
  5. Hart, R.A. ( 1997 ). Children’s Participation: The theory and Practice of Involving Young Citizens in Community Development and Environmental Care. New York: UNICEF.
Times Cited (16) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭寰(2013)。某華語教學補習班「師資進階培訓計畫」方案評鑑之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-102。 
  2. 葉依涵(2008)。彰化縣國小校外教學目的地選擇之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期社教碩士班學位論文。2008。1-130。 
  3. 施佑霖(2003)。探索國小學生環境活動經驗、環境感受和環境覺知發展過程之技能-以台北縣市高年級為例。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2003。1-220。
  4. 劉虹伶(2004)。國民小學校外教學課程設計與合作模式之研究—以臺北市休閒農場為例。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-160。
  5. 江凱寧(2005)。台北植物園推動環境教育現況及使用者需求之探討。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2005。1-174。
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