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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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林欽惠 , Masters  Advisor:鄧守信  


句末助詞final particle

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李櫻. 2000.〈漢語研究中的語用面向〉,於《漢學研究》第18卷特刊.
  2. 林君穎.2001. 《華語初級教材語法用語及語法點選擇之初探》.碩士論文.台北:國立台灣師範大學華語文教學研究所。
  3. 孫靜怡.2002.《華語副詞「都」的語義分析與教學語法》.碩士論文.台北:國立台灣師範大學華語文教學研究所。
  4. 黃錦鋐主編,國立台灣師範大學國音教材編輯委員會編. 1982. 《國音學》.台北:正中書局.
  5. Chu, Chauncey C. 1998. A Discourse Grammar of Mandarin Chinese. New York and Bern: Peter Lang Publishing.
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁曉云(2003)。漢語語尾助詞「呢」之教學語法初探。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2003。1-140。
  2. 林君萍(2003)。漢德開談問候語對比分析。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2003。1-145。
  3. 吳佩怡(2005)。當代台灣國語語氣詞之研究---從核心語義和語用功能的角度探討。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2005。1-105。
  4. 魏妙純(2005)。漢語抱怨言語之母語和中介語對比分析-兼談美籍華語學生的第二語言教學。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2005。1-210。
  5. 劉怡君(2006)。現代漢語委婉言語之語用策略及語言形式──以臺灣地區為例。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2006。1-161。
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