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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 1.Chang, Miao-hsia. (張妙霞) 1998. The Discourse Functions of Taiwanese Kong in Relation to Its Grammaticalization. 第二屆台灣語言國際研討會論文選集. 111-127.
    2. 2.Cheng, Robert L. 1981. Taiwanese ‘u’ and Mandarin ‘you’. Papers from the 1979 Asian and Pacific Conference on Linguistics and Language Teaching. (Taipei: Student Book Co. 141-180). 台、華語的時空、疑問與否定(Taiwanese and Madarin Structures and Their Developmental Trends in Taiwan III: Temporal and Spatial Relations, Questions and Negatives in Taiwanese and Madarin). 191-230. 台北: 遠流出版社。(Taipei: Yuan-Liou Publishing Co. Ltd.)
    3. 3.______________ 1985. A comparison of Taiwanese, Taiwan Mandarin, and Peking Mandarin, Language. 61.2:352-377.
    4. 11.Rickford, John R. 1987. Dimensions of a Creole continuum: history, texts & linguistic analysis of Guyanese Creole. Stanford University Press.
    5. 15.______________1982. Disposal Structure in Amoy. Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology Academic Sinica in Memory of the Late Dr. Yuen Ren Chao. 53.2:331-352.
    Times Cited (22) 〈TOP〉
    1. 廖婕伃(Chieh-Yu Liao)(2016)。試探現代漢語「有+動詞謂語」隱現過程。臺大華語文教學研究。(4)。145-186。 
    2. 蕭惠帆(2003)。從語法到教學論詞彙來去的趨向和情態。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2003。1-141。
    3. 陳政川(2005)。網路化檔案評量中學習者自我反思行為對學習成效影響之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2005。1-139。
    4. 吳佩怡(2005)。當代台灣國語語氣詞之研究---從核心語義和語用功能的角度探討。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2005。1-105。
    5. 許慧如(2005)。台灣華語的幾個等化現象。臺灣師範大學英語學系學位論文。2005。1-111。
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