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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑俐(1998)誰可以給教師打分數-教師專業評價與視導。師友,375期,頁20-24。
  2. 方忠斌(2000)。國民中學教師對教師分級制度知覺之研究。台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  3. 白青平(2000)。台北縣市國民小學初任教師工作困擾與解決途徑之研究。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  4. 朱淑雅(1998)。國民小學教師效標之研究。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  5. 張振成(2001)。教師分級制度的探討。師友,405期,頁P16-18。
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李孟秀(2009)。我國大學教師與學生對實施「學生評量教師教學」意見之研究-以北部一所私立大學為例。淡江大學高等教育研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-157。 
  2. 陳怡帆(2009)。臺北縣國民中小學教師對教師專業發展評鑑之認知關注與因應策略研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-166。 
  3. 侯辰虹(2008)。大學教學評鑑對提升教師教學品質之研究-以95年教育學門評鑑為例。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士班學位論文。2008。1-154。 
  4. 高惠敏(2005)。國小教師與家長對於教師評鑑認知比較之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2005。1-164。 
  5. 曾素絲(2006)。公立高職實施教師績效評鑑調查之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2006。1-191。
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