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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 丁鋐鎰(2001) ﹕國中氧化還原概念之精熟學習研究。國立台灣師範大學化學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 9. 林香岑(2001):高中「電化學」概念媒體教學與教師教學策略之研究。國立台灣師範大學碩士論文,民國90年6月。
  3. 10. 林陳湧、童麗珠(2000):生物實驗教學能力重要性評估比較研究,師大學報:科學教育類,民國89年,45(2),21-38
  4. 11. 邱美子(2002):國中電化學電腦動畫輔助教學之學習成效研究。國立台灣師範大學碩士論文,民國91年6月。
  5. 13. 洪瑞振(1996)﹕推展國中電腦輔助教學之策略,中華工藝教育月刊,29,20-26。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 紀貫騰(2015)。使用教學表徵在國二自然與生活科技領域之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-140。 
  2. 林淑雯(2012)。互動式電子白板應用於國小自然領域對學習動機與學習成就之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-136。 
  3. 周揚軒(2012)。探討WIIMOTE互動式電子白板應用於國中數學科的學習成效。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-153。 
  4. 楊鵬耀(2004)。探究電腦多媒體教學對於國三學生學習酸鹼概念與概念改變之歷程。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-227。
  5. 蔡仁杰(2005)。以Game Maker編製電腦教材元素與化合物單元之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2005。1-96。
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