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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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李小惠 , Masters  Advisor:童麗珠  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 佘曉清、連文惠和蘇蘭雅 (2000): 中等學校實習教師知反省式科學教學行動研究。科學教育學刊, 8(3),273-286。
  2. 林金盾 (2000): 九年一貫『自然課程的理念與實務』之我見。科學教育月刊, 231,17-19。
  3. 林懿萱 (2001): 新制實習制度下國中理化實習教師的專業成長:質性個案研究。國立台灣師範大學化學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 姚如芬、郭重吉和柳賢 (2001): 職前教師數學教學概念之初探:從研究實作中學習教學。科學教育學刊, 9(1),1-13。
  5. 童麗珠 (1996): 中等學校生物教師學科內容教學知識之研究與檢定。國科會專題研究計畫成果報告(NSC 84-2513-S-003-011)。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林蘭芬(2007)。華語職前教師於微型教學中的實踐:師資培訓課程之個案研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-140。 
  2. 陳怡方(2010)。初任與資深國小教師對分數教學知能之比較。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-170。 
  3. 趙振寰(2009)。學科教學知識發展之研究-以一位生物科實習教師為例。臺灣師範大學生命科學研究所學位論文。2009。1-150。
  4. 張甄玲(2013)。體育實習輔導教師與實習生互動關係之探究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2013。1-68。
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